Stella Before Moby Dick

Frank Stella is well known for his minimalist style. In his early years as an artist, his austere Black Paintings transformed the way viewers experienced color, form and the environment. Yet, later in his career, Stella’ style drastically evolved into abstraction and three dimensional forms. Between the years 1985 and 1993, Stella produced a vast number of works inspired by Herman Melville’s Moby-Dick.

[caption id="attachment_49507" align="aligncenter" width="283"] Frank Stella working on a Black Painting[/caption]

The works are included within series such as The Waves, The Waves II and Moby-Dick Domes. Stella’s fascination with the novel spans various mediums, from collage and print to aluminum sculpture. In total, there are 138 artworks, each corresponding to a chapter within Moby-Dick. Upon first glance, it is clear that these works are a departure from Stella’s beginnings. Often, geometric forms curve and swirl, layered in collage form. The colors are incredibly vibrant and add to the illusion of multiple dimensions.

Moby-Dick and Themes

However, to understand Stella’s works, it is imperative to understand the significance of the Moby-Dick. Melville’s novel details a nautical journey led by Ahab, a one-legged ship captain. Ahab’s main ambition is to kill Moby Dick, the whale who devoured his leg. As such, death, fate and ambition are central themes to the novel. At once, it is possible to imagine the drama that unfolds in this journey. For a more thorough plot analysis of the novel: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Moby-Dick 

[caption id="attachment_49500" align="aligncenter" width="316"]Frank Stella's Moby Dick: Words and Shapes Frank Stella's Moby Dick: Words and Shapes[/caption]

Stella’s Inspiration

Inspiration for the series is rooted both in respect for his predecessors and his admiration of the book. For instance, Stella has always held the abstract expressionists in high regard. Of these artists, Stella has said “they’re still the generation I admire. This is paying my debt, or not so much paying my debt as expressing my admiration for the abstract generation I grew up with and that I admired the most, and that I still admire (Jones)." Indeed, the swirling colors and abstract shapes of this series harken back to the recognizable style of the abstract expressionists such as Hans Hoffman  and Franz Kline.

[caption id="attachment_49504" align="aligncenter" width="373"]Franz Kline, Mahoning, 1956, Whitney Museum of American Art Permanent Collection Franz Kline, Mahoning, 1956, Whitney Museum of American Art Permanent Collection[/caption]

[caption id="attachment_49505" align="aligncenter" width="267"]Franz Hoffman, Chimera, 1959 Hans Hoffman, Chimera, 1959[/caption]

In Stella's Own Words

Additionally, the drama within the novel played a great part in his vision. In a recent interview, Stella explained “I think the Moby Dick series [1986-1997] is a kind of turning point. I was a little afraid, and probably still am a little, with Moby Dick, but the pictures [are] essentially curved surfaces. They started to really move, and the novel moves; you’re going around the world, it’s pretty wet, there are a lot of waves and motion (Pobric)." In this manner, Stella creates a visual narrative as powerful as its original textual form. Rather than create literal depictions of the chapters, Stella astounds viewers by envisioning the soul of the novel.

Stella and Moby Dick

The Waves Series

[caption id="attachment_49508" align="alignleft" width="229"]Title: Ahab’s Leg (From the Waves), 1989 Medium: Color Screenprint, Lithograph and Linoleum, with Hand Colouring and Collage on Saunders Wove Paper Title: Ahab’s Leg (From the Waves), 1989
Medium: Color Screenprint, Lithograph and Linoleum, with Hand Colouring and Collage on Saunders Wove Paper[/caption]

[caption id="attachment_49510" align="alignleft" width="224"]stella5354-detail Detailed Image of Ahab’s Leg (From the Waves), 1989[/caption]

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Waves II Series

[caption id="attachment_49511" align="alignleft" width="240"]Title: The Quarter Deck from The Waves II, 1985-1989 Medium: Color screenprint, lithograph and linocut with hand-coloring and collage on T.H. Saunders paper Title: The Quarter Deck from The Waves II, 1985-1989 Medium: Color screenprint, lithograph and linocut with hand-coloring and collage on T.H. Saunders paper[/caption]

[caption id="attachment_49512" align="alignleft" width="237"]stella5303-detail-1 Detailed Image of The Quarter Deck from The Waves II, 1985-1989[/caption]

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Moby Dick Domes

[caption id="attachment_49513" align="alignleft" width="246"]Title: The funeral (dome), from the Moby Dick domes, 1992 Medium: Relief-printed etching, aquatint and engraving in colors on TGL handmade paper Title: The funeral (dome), from the Moby Dick domes, 1992
Medium: Relief-printed etching, aquatint and engraving in colors on TGL handmade paper[/caption]

[caption id="attachment_49514" align="alignleft" width="245"]stella5302-detail2 Detailed Image of The funeral (dome), from the Moby Dick domes, 1992[/caption]

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Works Cited

  1. Jones, Jonathan. "Father of Minimalism, Frank Stella, on Moby Dick." The Guardian. Guardian News and Media, 04 Apr. 2001. Web. 16 Mar. 2016.
  2. Pobric, Pac. "Frank Stella: A Romantic, after All." Frank Stella: A Romantic, after All. The Art Newspaper, Nov. 2015. Web. 16 Mar. 2016.